see: Climate history of the last 420,000 years
1 - The Ice Age is coming.
For the last two million years Ice Age conditions have been the normal state on this planet. We also know that during the last million years brief warm periods interrupted the Ice Age conditions quite regularly every hundred thousand years.
2 - The interglacial warm periods
are generally believed to have been app. 11,500 years in duration. Estimates vary from 10,000 to 13,000 years, with 10,800 years being the most recent perception. With the last Ice Age having ended app. 11,500 years ago, our present interglacial period is coming to an end in the near future, or the transition may have already begun with the onset of a massive cooling starting in 2007. (See: Iceagenow.com)
According to current estimates the transition to the next Ice Age might happen within the next 20 to 150 years. Some suggest that it may have already begun since many glaciers around the world are getting longer again and the Greenland Ice Shield is getting thicker, with a lowering of ocean levels already in progress. The most recent estimates expect the transition to Ice Age conditions to happen 'quickly' from as little as a single year to app. 50 years. This means that full Ice Age climatic conditions will likely prevail within the next 150 years or as early as twenty years from now. Some say that the transition might also be another thousand years off. The only thing that can be said for certain is that another Ice Age is on the horizon.
Under Ice Age
climatic conditions the global average temperature becomes
reduced by 40% towards freezing, from today's global average
temperature of 15 degrees Celsius to app. 9 degrees, with a
potentially devastating impact on global agricultural
production. Modern evidence suggests that the actual Ice Age
climate is much colder than previously thought, which puts it well below the 9 degree
mark with a possible drop of 20 degrees. Ice core samples
taken a research site located roughly in the middle of Greenland
at an elevation of about 9,850 feet showed that the
Northern Hemisphere briefly emerged from the last ice age some
14,700 years ago with a 22-degree-Fahrenheit spike in just 50
years - that's an enormous temperature increase - and then
plunged back into icy conditions before abruptly warming again
about 11,700 years ago.
A twenty degree drop in global average temperatures obviously has an enormous, even unimaginable, impact on agriculture. The current cooling cycle that begun in 2007 and caused a 0.7 degree cooling might already have devastating consequences for the world food supply, especially with food now being burned in cars in the form of ethanol. We will likely see enormous food-price increases, considering that the speculators are already exploiting the supply shortages raking in enormous profits on demand.
of what a cooler climate means. The 1814 Tambora volcanic eruption in Indonesia turned the year 1815 into "the year without summer" in which crop failures occurred in India, and probably elsewhere. It is estimated that close to 100,000 people died as the result of the relatively minor cooling of short duration
6 - Ice Age related cycles
under investigation for about 150 years already. The Scottish
amateur astronomer and mathematician James Croll postulated the
first theory in the mid-1800s. He discovered the 100,000 years
cycle of the eccentricity of the Earth's orbit relative to the
Sun. The cycle produces an approximately three million miles
variance. Mr. Croll's work was later extended by Milutin
Milankovitch, who discovered other long-term cycles effecting
the Earth's climate, such as the 43,000 years cycle of a three
decree shift in the tilt of the Earth's spin axis. In addition
he discovered a 26,000 years cyclical variance of the Earth's
spin axis relative to the poles, and a 22,000 years cyclical
variance in the position of the equinoxes on the Earth's orbital
Nothing of that sort, as shown above, can explain the 22 degree rise in temperature over 50 years (14,700 years ago) that has been gleamed from ice core samples and the just as rapid recoiling of the Earth back to Ice Age conditions. This means we have to look elsewhere, to the Sun and what controls the intensity of solar activity.
7 - Solar Cycles determine our climate and Ice Ages
"The indisputable reality is, that the universe is full of cyclical variations, some of which effect the Earth. The Earth's orbit around the Sun, for instance, shifts back and forth in relationship to the Sun by three million kilometers in a hundred thousand years cycle. At appears however that whatever causes those variations of the orbital eccentricity also affects the solar activity causing variances in solar activities that can happen quickly and without warning. We are presently in a period of reduced solar activity. The 11-year solar cycle that ended in 2006 hasn't restarted. As of June 2008, the sunspots haven't come back. The sun has become increasingly blank. The face of the sun typically remains blank with the average global temperature correspondingly dropping.
According to observed evidence, the huge climate variations that cause Ice Age periods, as well as the warm periods in-between, are the direct result of long term variations that affect the intensity of the Sun, which effects the intensity of solar flaring, and thereby the solar winds and magnetic storms. 'Normally' these massive solar effects deflect some of the cosmic radiation that is bombarding the Earth and is a key-factor in cloud formation. The cosmic radiation ionizes the atoms and molecules in the troposphere where the weather is created. The ionized particles act as catalysts for water vapor condensation and cloud formation. In times of low solar activity we get a lot more cosmic radiation coming in, because less is deflected, and as the result we get increased cloud formation.
The increase in clouds reflects more solar heat back into space as clouds are bright in the sunshine and dark underneath so that less sun-heat gets transmitted to the surface and more of it is reflected (unused) back into space. Consequently the climate gets colder with every increase in cloudiness. Since the Sun is almost our entire heat-source, whatever affects the Sun and the cloudiness on Earth determines our climate more than anything else. This reflection and shielding effect is far more dramatic than we generally recognize, so that small variances can have large consequences. Of course everyone has experienced the sample fact that sunny days are warmer and cloudy days colder. It stands to reason that long term variances in that ratio have a major effect on our overall climate.
Increased cloudiness also reduces the general water vapor content as the water becomes concentrated in the clouds, which thereby reduces the atmosphere's overall greenhouse effect so that the climate gets colder still. The colder climate, of course, reduces the evaporation rate, which further reduces the water-vapor greenhouse effect. This triply self-escalating interaction appears to cause the rapid drop in temperatures that appears to be typical for getting into Ice Age conditions.
From the present global average temperature of fifteen degrees Celsius, an Ice Age cooling down to nine or even eight degrees has been discovered in the Earth's glacial records, for the Ice Ages. That amounts to a huge drop. It causes massive snowfalls, which accumulate into giant glaciers that become continental ice sheets. Some ice sheets are known to have been more than a mile deep, which then flow across the land like creeping molasses. During the last Ice Age these kinds of huge ice fields covered all of Canada and much of the Northeast of the US. While the ice fields advance extremely slowly, the rapid drop in temperatures and changing cloudiness likely affect the global agriculture almost immediately during the transition period. We will see reduced rainfall in the dry regions, causing an increase in desertification. At first the dry spells will be local and of short duration, but the trend will intensify. The infamous dustbowl era in the USA in the early 1900s occurred during a period of colder climate (shown below), whereas during the extreme warm period of the interglacial optimum that spanned several thousand years, we had rivers running in Sahara (not shown).
Our entire worldwide food production is presently keyed to the interglacial climate. Even minor upsets have caused massive crop failure in the past. The large change towards Ice Age climatic conditions would likely be globally catastrophic in food production, with their effects being felt before the large ice masses begin to form. Our food plants simply don't grow well in cold and dry climates, and they certainly won't grow if the ground is covered in snow most of the year round. Over the last year we have seen a massive drop on global temperatures, upwards to 0.75 degrees. This is so large that it wipes out the sum-total of global warming of the last 100 years in the space of a single year. (see: NASA)
We have seen large temperature drops before, starting in 1998 when the general cooling trend began. Now the swings become quicker and deeper. This appears to correspond directly with the missing solar cycle. The 24th 11-year sunspot cycle should have started in 2006. It started briefly and then fizzed out to nothing. In the resulting cooling the ice-mass on Mount Blanc in the French Alps has nearly doubled in volume in 2007. (link)
If mankind doesn't prepare itself for the coming Ice Age
conditions the northern nations like Canada, Russia, Norway,
Sweden, Finland, Poland, Ireland, England, Germany, and so
forth, will simply cease to exist. During the last Ice Age,
Canada and the north-western USA and were covered with immense
ice flows, similar to those that carved the English Channel.
While these ice flows take thousands of years to accumulate, the
agricultural capacity in these regions becomes disabled almost
immediately, probably long before the ground remains permanently
frozen. Even the USA will loose much of its food production
capacity that way. And that's the bottom line that we cannot
avoid. So what do we do about it? Do we lay ourselves down to
die, or kill each other in endless Food Wars? Or do we create a
technological Ice Age Renaissance with indoor agriculture?
The scientific concepts
- The Ice Age Cycles -
The universe is in motion. During the last 590 million years of the great profusion of life on Earth, the Phanerozoic Eon, the configuration of our planet has been constantly changing with the process of continental drift. Likewise has the universe been changing, effecting solar cycles and patterns of cosmic radiation, all of which affect the climate on Earth.
During the first 340 million years of this eon, the Palaeozoic Era, three major extinctions of life on our planet have occurred, with the most extensive of them occurring in the Permian Period. While the cause is controversial, it is highly likely that major ice ages might have occurred and caused the extinctions. The configuration of the continents is believed to have been favourable for major glaciation to occur.
For the next 185 million years, the Mesozoic Era, the major landmasses were in the equatorial region, assuring warm climates for the long age of the dinosaurs. No ice ages occurred during that era. But during the end of that era, in the Late Cretaceous Period the large landmass began to break up, with a large chunk of it moving towards the South Pole, which became Antarctica during the Cenozoic Era, the present era.
With this alignment of landmasses closer to the poles the conditions had become ripe for another epoch of glaciation to begin on our planet. Some say that the condition had been 'ripe' for close to 50 million years, but the big glaciation epoch, the Pleistocene epoch of the 'modern' ice ages didn't start until some other factors outside of the dynamics of the Earth itself contributed to it. In a paper "The Ice Age Is Coming" (pdf format) Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski, M.D., Ph.D., D.Sc., chairman of the scientific Council of of the Central Laboratory for Radiological protection in Warsaw presents an illustration that shows the close correlation of global average temperatures with the intensity of cosmic ray flux.
He points out that cosmic radiation ionizes the atmosphere, which is a chief factor for cloud formation, and that cloud formation determines to a large degree the global temperature. The coincidence of the two factors is evidently the cause for the most recent epoch of the ice ages to begin about 2 million years ago. Actually the real beginning of the ice ages might have been as early as 5 million years ago when the continental ice sheet in Antarctica began to expand, called the Pliocene epoch. The Antarctic ice sheets presently extend across 5 million square miles and makes up over 80% of the glacial area of the planet. The Greenland Ice Sheet, in comparison, is small. It amounts to a mere 13% of the present global glaciation. In the current warm interglacial climate, glaciation covers slightly over 10% of the entire land area of the world. Under full Ice Age conditions the ice-over increases 3-fold, to 30% of the world's land area. Most of the increase occurs in the Northern Hemisphere, amounting to a 15-fold increase in glaciation in the northern part of the world. The timeframe in which condition occurs is called the Ice Age.
The ice ages of the last two million years are cyclical phenomena that occur in cycles slightly over 100,000 years in length interspersed with, a warm period of lightly over 10,000 years, called the interglacial period. The rest of the time is the deep freeze called the Ice Age.
During Ice Age conditions the temperature drop is so deep that thick ice sheets form that in the last Ice Age reached as far south as Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, covering Wisconsin, called the Wisconsin Ice Sheet.
There are two interlocking theories that explain the 100,000 years cycles.
One theory has its roots in the 1830 and is related to tying the large cyclical temperature variation to long-term astronomical cycles. The various theories culminated Milutin Milankovitch in the early 1900s who related three major cyclical variation in the orbital relationship between the Earth and the Sun, all of which affect to varying degrees the degree of exposure of the Earth to sunlight. The cycles are called the Milankovitch cycles. (See a simple illustration) (See another illustration)
Also see: The Coming (or Present) Ice Age by by Laurence Hecht -pdf (21st. Century Science and Technology -Winter 1992–1993) and also see: Greenland Ice Sheet Growing: What Makes an Ice Age?
The second theory, which is put forward in the afore referenced paper "The Ice Age Is Coming" (pdf format) by Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski, is based on the observed close relationship between the intensity of cosmic radiation and cloud-cover formation that is demonstrated to be reflected in global temperature variations. (see: No Manmade Global Warming)
In the long term context the Ice Age cycles are seen as the reflection of long-term solar activity cycles since solar fairs and its magnetic storms shield the Earth from the full force of cosmic radiation. The solar activity intensity is in turn deemed to be directly related to the electric flux density in the galactic plasma that powers the luminance and the surface heating of the Sun. Large changes, even cyclical changes, are quite natural in the larger 'galactic weather' environment in which our Sun operates. It is not unreasonable to assume that the 100,000-year long-term Ice Age cycles are related to the size of the galaxy that is deemed to be roughly 1000 light years in diameter, suggesting potential 100,000-year plasma loop cycles moving at 100th the speed of light. The Ice Age cycles might also be caused by plasma density hotspots resulting from cyclical interactions deep within the galaxy. Long term changes in plasma intensity would also cause corresponding changes in the orbital path of the Earth around the Sun that we know about but cannot explain otherwise. (Part of the Milankovitch Cycles)
The shorter variances that have been observed, like 30-year loss of sunspots during the Mauder Minimum that coincides with the last Little Ice Age, suggests that 'local' plasma variances are rather 'common' in the vast expanse of the galactic space, Modern perception in plasma cosmology even renders the Super Nova events as not giant gravitational explosions, but merely as large-scale intensely-concentrated electric plasma events.
see The Electric Climate: http://lovescapenovels.rolf-witzsche.com/electric_climate.html
Zbigniew Jaworowski warns that the transition between the major cold and warm cycles could occur quickly (more quickly than the Milankovitch cycles suggest) and without warning as these major astrophysical cycles begin to shift, motivated by causes that no one fully understands. He warns that the transition could be as short as a single year or span a period of 50 years. He cites sources that suggest that such a transition might begin in 50-150 years. It could also have already begun.
As I said, other sources (more hopeful sources) suggest that the coming Ice Age is still 1000 years away, of even 10,000 years as some claim. On the other hand we are also told that the transition might have already begun. This means that mankind is facing an enormous challenge. To avoid having its agriculture, and thereby its food recourses, devastated by the potential arrival of the Ice Age cold climate, indoor agriculture must be created in the needed large scale. We know that mankind came out of the last Ice Age after 2.5 million years of its development with only a 1-10 million world population. That was the maximum population mankind had been able to support during the long Ice Age cold spell. We might do ten times better today and maintain 100 million people, but we certainly won't be able to maintain a 10-billion world population that we might have in 100 years time. Such a large population simply cannot be supported in the cold-spell of an Ice Age without an extensive form of indoor agriculture.
Obviously the building of such far-flung infrastructures requires a long economic and technological development period, possibly extending over 50-100 years. This means that we should start the process now.
On the other hand there is that remote chance that the next Ice Age won't begin for another 1000 years of more. Should we gamble that we have that much time? If we gamble wrong, and thereby fail to make thenecessary preparations while we still can, the whole of mankind would collapse to 1/1000th of its present population, from 10 billion (in 100 years) to 1/100th of a billion. That is an enormous gamble. Can we justify the risk? No one can guarantee that we have a thousand years left. If the Ice Age resumes in 100 years and mankind is not prepared for it, the resulting diseases from such a vast biological collapse resulting from starvation might wipe out the whole of mankind. Deep ice core samples from southern Greenland indicate that large temperature swings occurred during the last transition period. While they were of short duration, in the order of mere decades, mankind would collapse in the space of just a few years when its agriculture becomes rapidly decimated. Plants do not grow well in the cold. Recent ice core data, as faulty as it is for registering historic CO2 levels, has nevertheless revealed that the historic glaciation periods were much colder than previously believed (20 degrees colder instead of 8 or 9 degrees colder). The great depth of the ice sheets that covered much of the northern hemisphere with ice up to 12,000 feet deep suggests that the colder temperatures might be valid. And even if the transition to the cold-period would happen gradually mankind might not have the strength to build the needed vast physical infrastructures for indoor agriculture while scrambling for food.
The most logical response wouldhave to be to start the preparations for the coming Ice Age now. Unfortunately this path is blocked by imperial insanity of the manmade-global-warming hoax and also by the current empire's increasing devotion to war. War destroys not only the present, it also destroys the future. And this was of empire versus civilization includes cultural warfare. The small-minded in general society have been brainwashed to cling to the imperial global-warming myth that has no basis in fact. The myth has been put forward to prevent mankind from building itself a secure future no matter what the coming Ice Age will bring, or when it starts.
Nevertheless, in spite of all the blockages the work needs to be done to create a new economic, scientific, cultural, and technological renaissance that can get the whole of mankind safely into the next Ice Age. If we fail to begin the necessary preparations for it in this age, no matter what it takes, mankind will likely become extinct in the not-so-distant future as the result of that failure. This is what the global warming doctrine is evidently designed to assure. It is designed to get us to close our eyes to the greatest challenge we ever faced and the greatest opportunity for the advancement of life on this planet. We presently have the capability, for the first time in geologic history to protect ourselves and all forms of life against the decimation of ice ages. This has never been possible before, and has never happened before.
We are told that the dawn of mankind began 2.5 million years ago (depending on what one regards as the binning). The 2.5-million year figure places the beginning of mankind roughly into the timeframe when the current epoch of the ice ages started. Since long ice ages epochs are relatively rare in geologic history, with the last one occurring some 200 million years ago causing the Permian Extinction, or further back to 440 million years ago when the Ordovician extinction occurred , the question becomes intriguing as to why the dawn of mankind, which is likewise a rare event, coincided almost precisely with the beginning of an inhospitable period on Earth.
The coincidence seems to suggest that the development of mankind, such as the development of the human genius, and also our unique physicality, was the product of great existential challenges. Otherwise, why didn't the dawn of mankind begin 10 million years earlier when the climate of the world was far more ideal for expanding life? The existing coincidence suggests that the climate might have been a mayor factor in the remarkable development that made the human being the brightest gem of life on the planet, as we find ourselves today. Mankind might truly be the child of the ice ages, which createdfor it the need to deal with enormous challenges for its survival.
Another factor supports the idea that mankind is the product of dealing with enormous challenges is put forward in the modern multiple origin theory. It is believed that the development of mankind began in several parts of the world simultaneously. There exists evidence that three or four differenthuman species emerged in parallel that may have merged at one point to become homo erectus (4), the longest surviving human species, which appears to have survived for 1.5 million years.
We, the homosapiens (8), are roughly the eighth major human species. The previous seven major species and groups of species have all become extinct, possibly as the result of one of the many Ice Ages. Their names barely live on in scientific language, where they are known as the australopithecus rudolfensis (1), the australopithecus habilus (2), the homo ergaster (3), the homo erectus (4), the homo antecessor (5), the homo heidelbergensis (6), and the homo neandertalensis (7). In fact we barely recognize ourselves as the homo sapiens (8), the sole survivors and the shortest lived of them all, at barely 200,000 years of age.
Homo erectus had existed for 1.5 million years
and became extinct. However, for the first time ever, and as
the first species ever, we have the capacity at our present
stage to steal the sting off the Ice Age and bypass its
tragedy that other species may have suffered and became
extinct thereby, provided that we apply the capacities that we
have developed to overcome the historic pattern.
Some people may doubt that we have the required capacities to achieve the necessary technological wonder that can save us from the coming Ice Age. Global indoor agriculture is a giant undertaking, requiring new materials, new energy resources, new technologies, new economic platforms for financing, and so on. But it appears that we can face all of th
In order to judge the potential that we have
rooted within our humanity, let us look at what we have
As I said humanity has entered the Holocene Epoch (the current interglacial epoch) with a relatively small presence of just a few million people. We know that this entry into our time preceded a journey through the difficult conditions of roughly 20 Ice Ages that has evidently forced mankind's creativity to a higher qualitative level. With this a new phase in the creative intensity of life began that profoundly shaped the outcome of it.
Mankind came into the Holocene Epoch from its 2.5-million-year history with a tiny 5-million world-population (variously estimated between 1-10 million). But it also came equipped with a richly developed genius, resulting from countless progressive discoveries in its past and discoveries of the principles of life and the universe. Mankind came into the Holocene with a qualitative dimension that profoundly sets themodern human species apart from any other species of life ever created in the creative processes unfolding from the principle of life.
Our long-developed potential in combination with the Holocene warm climate set the stage for an astonishing explosion of human life that brings us today to the threshold of creating the technological capabilities and resources to live and prosper into and through the next Ice Age, and any subsequent Ice Age, without any interruption and any curtailment by the lack of resources.
Since our food resources are keyed to the current warm-climate agriculture, a new form of agriculture needs to be created that is climate-independent, such as indoor agriculture thatis industrial in nature and is largely automated, with advanced biotic processes that supersede 'primitive' outdoor agriculture methods manifold in their productive yields. A protected food resource appears to be the coming necessity for human survival. It is of course also becoming desirable even now to assure biological safety and pollution-free operation.
We are historically the 'youngest' species of mankind, between 100,000 to 200,000 years in existence. In a time span of 10,000 years we have built us into a species of over 5 billion people, going on to 10 billion. Wenow face the challenge to survive with a 10 billion world population in a world in which agriculture becomes historically decimated by the cold Ice Age climate. If we fail, mankind will die back to the same few million that survived through the last Ice Age epoch, because that is all that the Earth can support with its meagre natural resources centered in the tropics.
Thus, once again, we human beings face the challenge to utilize our human resources to create what the Earth does not provide on its own. We need to do this now as never before. We need to create technological infrastructures that enable us to protect our food resources in indoor facilities where the ice-age cold cannot reach it. Such facilities were unimaginable inany prior age, but they are achievable now. They are achievable if we don't decimate the greatest resource we have, which is the productive and creative power that is inherent in an advanced human population.
One more factor needs to be considered at this point as we enter the boundary zone to the next Ice Age. This is a factor that is rarely talked about these days. It is the factor of oxygen depletion. With every gallon of gasoline that is burned, 10,000 gallons of oxygen are consumed. The free oxygen in the air becomes bound to the carbon atoms in the motor fuel, combining into a gas called CO2 (made up of one carbon atom and two oxygen atoms). A gallon of gasoline, app. 5.5 pounds in weight, creates 20 pounds of CO2. The tremendous increase in weight is made up by the weight of oxygen drawn from the air.
In the natural world atmospheric CO2 is consumed by plants growing on land and in the oceans, which, through photosynthesis strip away the oxygen atoms from the CO2 and consume the carbon, thereby replenishing the world's oxygen supply.
It appears that nobody knows for certain at the present time at which point the balance of oxygen use in burning carbon fuels tips towards oxygen depletion in an ice-age environment when the plant activity is apparent extremely low when compared with today's standard. It might become totally essential in an ice-age environment to implement a global shift away from getting our energy supply from carbon based fuels. Nuclear-fusion-powered hydrogen-based fuels might be the only possible answer for maintaining a high-energy economy in an ice-age environment. In the hydrogen-based fuel cycle the oxygen for burning the fuel is produced together with the fuel by splitting water molecules into free oxygen and free hydrogen. Mankind's future existence might ultimately depend on this artificial fuel cycle since the nothing is evidently sufficient to sustain mankind's need in the coming Ice Age world, or even supply mankind's present needs in the boundary zone to it.
These are just some of the huge challenges that the Ice Age future imposes on the present,challenges that we tend to ignore and sweep under the rug. But mankind has also the capacity to change its response and to awake from its slumber, and thereby leave its self-imposed ignorance behind it.
I am certain that we will face all of the great challenges in the near future, and that as we do so a new kind of human world will be established, a world without empires, fascism, wars, and other destructive insanities, which are already becoming unaffordable. The resulting humanist advances in this renaissance direction will take us qualitatively beyond to point of no return to positions outgrown that should have long been laid aside, such as imperialism and fascism. I think this is the real challenge that has been thrust upon us by the coming Ice Age. I also see this challenge as a challenge with a great deal of room left for optimism, because the future that we are challenged to create, and have the capacity to create for ourselves as human beings, is immensely bright and it is a future that is within reach once we step out of the imperial sewer that we presently find ourselves in, being fast asleep in it.
Scientists argue that mankind has gone through so many interglacial periods already in the past so that the current one, the Holocene period, shouldn't be given a special name without us also giving a special name to every one of the previous interglacial periods. Nevertheless I would argue that the present interglacial period is special. It is the first interglacial period in the entire 2-million-year Pleistocene epoch in which mankind has developed the potential to master the Ice Ages out of the riches of its human resources, rather than being decimated by them. In fact we are standing at a new threshold of life on this planet as the fist species in all of geologic history with the capacity to protect ourselves against the Ice Age in which previous specieshave became extinct. We should celebrate the Holocene period for this reason as a breakout point in the development of life with the profound capacity that we now have to master what has been previously impossible. This profound capacity is rooted in our humanity as human beings.
The Ice Age Phenomenon - the history of climate
"The Ice Age Is Coming" by Zbigniew Jaworowski, M.D., Ph.D., D.Sc. (pdf format)
Change: Incorrect information on pre-industrial CO2
Statement written for the US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
March 2004 by Prof. Zbigniew Jaworowski
Chairman, Scientific Council of Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection Warsaw, Poland
Global Warming, Because No Global Climate
(pdf with referces to Polar Anticyclone)
Dr. Marcel Leroux
the Ocean Has Warmed; No, It’s Not ‘Global Warming’
Dr. Robert E. Stevenson
Ice Sheet Growing: What Makes an Ice Age?
Laurence Hecht, April 2006
The Greatest Scientific Scandal of Our Time (PDF)
by Dr. Zbigniew Jaworowski
What Really Causes Climate Change? PDF